There are a number of requirements to qualify for the short-haul exception from §395.1(e):
- Operate within a 100/150 air-mile radius of the normal work-reporting location (100 air-miles if you are a commercial driver’s license (CDL) driver and 150 air-miles for drivers without a CDL).
- Start and return to the same location.
- 12 consecutive hours of duty time.
An air mile equals 115.08 statute miles (185.2 kilometres), according to FMCSA regulations. It is based on the international nautical mile which is 6,076 feet (1,852 meters).
These additional rules also apply to short-haul drivers:
- Drive time cannot exceed 11 hours.
- Must log a minimum of 10 consecutive hours of off-duty time after shift.
If the driver cannot meet these conditions, they will have to complete a logbook for the day as the vehicle is considered a CMV.
The vehicle and trailer are also subject to vehicle inspection as per §396.11 and §396.13 if they collectively meet the criteria of a CMV. A DVIR (Driver Vehicle Inspection Report) will need to be filled, and stored. The next time the vehicle and/or trailer is used, the previous Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR) must be reviewed prior to operation.
You must store the log records, and the inspection report records, and present it both to law enforcement as well as in the time of a carrier audit.
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